Fixed Deposit Account

A Fixed Deposit offers guaranteed returns. Unlike market-led investments where returns fluctuate over time, the returns on an FD are fixed when you open the account. Even if interest rates fall after you open a Fixed Deposit, you will continue to receive the interest decided at the start. FDs are considered much safer than investments in other. Fixed Deposit Premature Withdrawal (With 31days’ Notice Period) 50% of the contracted interest rate is payable when a ‘Notice Period’ of 31 days (inclusive of the day of notice) is given by the customer at. Fixed Deposit Account It is an investment account with a specific amount invested at an agreed interest rate and tenor. Based on customer’s instructions, at the end of agreed period (tenor), the investment can either be rolled over (re-invested) or liquidated (returned to customer) with the interest amount earned. A Fixed/Tenured Deposit is a tenured investment account with a specific amount invested at an agreed interest rate and tenure. At the end of the agreed period (tenure), and based on your instructions, the investment can either be re-invested or returned to you with the interest amount earned.

When a business has surplus cash it might chose to place it on deposit for a period of time in order to earn interest. The movement of cash from the bank current account to a fixed deposit account needs to be recorded using a fixed deposit journal entry.

For example, if a business owner has surplus cash of 4,000 and places this on deposit with a bank, then the bookkeeping journal entry would be as follows:

Fixed Deposit Journal Entry

The accounting records will show the following bookkeeping entries for the fixed deposit.

Fixed deposit account fnb
Fixed deposit journal entry
AccountDebitCredit
Fixed deposit account4,000
Cash4,000
Total4,0004,000

Fixed Deposit Journal Entry Bookkeeping Entries Explained

Debit
The surplus cash placed in the deposit account is an asset, and is reflected in the accounting records by the debit entry.

Credit
The cash is removed from the cash account which is reduced by the credit entry.

The Accounting Equation

The accounting equation, Assets = Liabilities + Owners Equity means that the total assets of the business are always equal to the total liabilities plus equity of the business. This is true at any time and applies to each transaction. For this transaction the accounting equation is shown in the following table.

In this case, one asset (cash in the current account), is reduced by the credit entry as the cash is transferred to the deposit account. This is balanced by the debit entry, which increases another asset (cash in the fixed deposit account), to reflect the cash transferred from the current account.

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The fixed deposit account is an asset and will be shown on the balance sheet as either current or non-current, depending on whether the term of the deposit is less than or more than one year from the balance sheet date.

Fixed Deposit Account

Popular Double Entry Bookkeeping Examples

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About the Author

Fixed Deposit Account Rates In Kenya

Chartered accountant Michael Brown is the founder and CEO of Double Entry Bookkeeping. He has worked as an accountant and consultant for more than 25 years and has built financial models for all types of industries. He has been the CFO or controller of both small and medium sized companies and has run small businesses of his own. He has been a manager and an auditor with Deloitte, a big 4 accountancy firm, and holds a degree from Loughborough University.